School leadership and management


School leadership and management

The best school leaders improve the learning process of teaching directly and indirectly through their influence on staff through motivation, inspiration, responsiveness and commitment

posted on Jul 04, 2022 | Author DR. IMTIYAZ RASOOL GANAÏ



School improvement and development is commensurate with good leadership and management skills. Schools become resourceful and rich in potential when we have better principals. The good insight and ingenuity of the headteacher testifies to the prosperity of the school. Headteachers ignite school teams to get things done right. If principals are ill-equipped, the system suffers a setback and the results are not satisfactory.

The National Education Policy 2020 has set itself the goal of visualizing the roles and competency framework of academic leaders. This involves improving leadership and management skills, leaders would be expected to participate in their professional development as much as possible as part of CPD (continuing professional development). According to the NEP 2020, emphasis is placed on building the capacity of teachers and system leaders, from school to education administration, for effective management change, as leaders play a role central in initiating and sustaining any change in the system. The best school leaders improve the learning process of teaching directly and indirectly through their influence on staff through motivation, inspiration, responsiveness and commitment.

Warren Borres said “Leadership is like beauty, it’s hard to define but you know when you see it” It is imperative to develop the leader for school management because at the school level, leaders institution face multi-faceted challenges and opportunities that require good strategies and well-understood roles and responsibilities. . Schools will run smoothly when school leaders ignite passion and inspire the diverse human potentials inside and outside of school. The vision and powerful insights help them identify preferences in a timely manner and make an immediate assessment. They should be able to use mentorship and portfolio development. Leaders need good emotional intelligence to manage the emotional climate of the different school actors in the system and to develop good interpersonal relationships by instilling a sense of trust between the different teams. The NEP 2020 envisaged the structural and academic changes of this process. We need a new design in school management.

School leaders are the main catalysts for the resulting new roles and responsibilities. Effective school leaders play a vital role in initiating and sustaining any change by harnessing the energy and resourceful abilities of teachers. School leaders can be part of the education administration, head teacher and even proactive and pragmatic teachers. So they have to constantly learn new ideas and concepts for school improvement and innovations. Applying new ideas to changing school scenarios is important in creating and managing change. School leaders with good practice and pedagogical skills will be able to make informed decisions about career preferences. Principals and school leaders need a good understanding of the system and stakeholders to help them understand the suggestions and be able to apply them effectively. They should develop consensus, mediation regarding various plans and practices for smooth implementation to achieve the best results. School leaders need to adapt crisis management and conflict resolution skills in crucial situations that arise due to various factors in the school system or due to differences of opinion. Leaders must generate resources and must know the code of timely use of funds with proper budget and plan.

Prompt resolution and prompt grievance redress mechanism should be the hallmark of good school leaders. They must follow the various leadership development programs, refresher courses and capacity building to foster the right qualities. Headteachers need to have good relationships with society and alumni to get feedback and check for unwanted developments. The timing of timely periodic system assessments, meetings and review of all school components keeps school leaders active and the effective and sustainable system grows. Good school leaders can facilitate the implementation of NEP in school education. The NEP envisions that school leaders should be granted autonomy, a sense of responsibility and accountability should be instilled to appreciate their role in the complex system.

NCERT through NISHTHA has developed modules for teachers with the main objective of developing as school leaders to enable them to lead schools towards change and transformation in sync with the NEP. The Central Institute of Educational Technology has started training school leaders in governance skills. The NPST National Occupational Standard for Teachers will be developed by NCERT. School leaders have a mandate to improve teaching, learning and increase the infrastructure of schools, meeting the challenges and goals of the future.

(The author is an educator and columnist)

Jeremy S. McLain